Will banning HHPs negatively impact agricultural productivity? Are there alternatives to pesticides?

There are alternatives to the use of highly hazardous pesticides in agriculture. After 21 of the most highly hazardous pesticides were banned in Bangladesh, there was a shift towards use of less hazardous pesticides. Similarly to Sri Lanka, there was no apparent effect of the ban in Bangladesh on agricultural productivity.

In addition to using less toxic pesticides, other methods of agriculture that minimise the use of pesticides have been introduced into Bangladesh. Integrated pest management (IPM) is a combination of all available and appropriate pest control techniques and measures that discourage the development of pest populations and minimise risks to human health and the environment. Studies of IPM show that it can increase farmers’ yields and reduce their expenses.