Is there international law on pesticide regulation?

There are three main international treaties on the management of chemicals and hazardous waste that cover life cycle management of chemicals and pesticides. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (1989), the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (1998), and the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (2001) all have as their primary objective the protection of human health and the environment. These conventions all identify pesticides that need to be restricted in use.

There is a growing international consensus on phasing out HHPs from agriculture - for the protection of human rights, public health, and the environment, and to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Both the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization have shown their commitment to pesticide risk reduction, including the progressive removal on HHPs from agriculture.

A recent report from the United Nation’s Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food and the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Hazardous Substances and Waste provided an extensive analysis of the impact of the HHPs on human rights. It affirmed that “Hazardous pesticides impose substantial costs on Governments and have catastrophic impacts on the environment, human health and society as a whole, implicating a number of human rights and putting certain groups at elevated risk of rights abuses".

The report concluded that international community should "Generate policies to reduce pesticide use worldwide and develop a framework for the banning and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides;" Sources FAO’s site on Highly Hazardous Pesticides, at UN Human Rights Council, The Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, 24 January, 2017, A/HRC/34/48.